How to identify good firewood
Homeowners are considering burning wood as it is better in environmental terms as the amount of carbon dioxide released into the atmosphere is nearly the same as that absorbed by the tree during it’s growth. As the wood burning fires increase in popularity, it is important to understand the best use of your wood burning stove or fire.
What is seasoned wood?
Seasoned wood is wood that has been left to dry for around 12 to 18 months to achieve a moisture content that is below 20%.
Why choose seasoned wood?
One of the important aspects to consider is the type of wood to burn. It is highly recommended that you only burn seasoned wood.
Do not burn green or wet wood as a large percentage of heat energy created by the fire will be used to burn of the excess water contained within the logs rather than heating your room. It will also result in poor quality combustion, increased smoke and the possibly even damage your flue.
Seasoned wood increases the efficiency of combustion hence reducing your running costs.
It is also important to consider buying your wood from well-managed woodlands as they improve biodiversity, support jobs in forestry industry and of course ensure that there is enough timber to meet the future demands in years to come.
How to identify good firewood
An essential part of ensuring that your wood burning stove or fire is performing to its maximum potential is looking at the wood you are using to fuel it.
Firewood should be left to dry for a minimum of 12-18 months before being used.
To dry wet logs, split logs into smaller pieces and leave logs into a suitable wood store to improve the drying process. Make sure the top of wood store is covered to keep moisture out. Keep sides open to promote air flow and speed up the drying process. Do not store your wood against a house as this causes it to dry slower and cause pest problems.
Check your product instructions for the optimum size of wood you should be using.
To identify well seasoned wood, check the ends of the logs. If they are dark in colour and cracked, they are dry.
Dry seasoned wood is lighter in weight than wet wood and makes a hollow sound when hitting two pieces together. If there is any green colour visible or bark is hard to peel, the log is not yet dry.
It is recommended to purchase a wood moisture meter, to help you decide when your wood is ready. Seasoned wood is 20% or less moisture.
There are many different types of wood that all burn differently and have various qualities. For example, softwoods like SEDA and pine have shorter burning but more intense fires, whilst hardwood such as oak and cherry beech burn slower but longer (more effective for colder evenings).
Do not burn construction timber, painted, impregnated / treated wood, manufactured board products or pallet wood, as they may contain chemicals or other products that could ruin the inside of your flue.
For advice on different suppliers of wood that is suitable for your woodburning stove, or for a new woodburning stove to go into your property, come down to The Heating Centre in Coventry.
Information supplied by www.stovax.com